生态危机的资本逻辑批判与人类生存的历史性构建
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吉林大学一流学科建设项目(MYL007)


The Capital Logic Criticism of Ecological Crisis andthe Historic Construction of Human Survival
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    摘要:

    生态危机的本质是人类生存的危机。以何种视角和维度去剖析生态危机的深层本质,历史唯物主义为生态伦理学找到了理性视角和科学路径。伴随着人类中心主义到非人类中心主义的转变,人与自然的关系问题也上升至道德问题,阶段性生态问题已然转变为全球性问题,只有通过马克思主义对资本逻辑逐利本性、异化人格和打破生态边界的揭露,重新审视人类生存危机与资本逻辑背后的资本主义生产关系存在不可逃脱的因果关系,重新探讨资本主义社会对自然资源的贪婪掠夺的内在根源和人类社会与自然生态之间的辩证关系,澄明资本逻辑是推动资本主义社会逐利本性的根本动力,导致人的自觉主体性的决裂即异化,并指向打破生态自然极限的外在边界,以历史唯物主义树立起人类可持续生存理念,才能最终实现生态危机的彻底解决。

    Abstract:

    The essence of ecological crisis is the crisis of human survival. Historical materialism has found a rational perspective and scientific path for ecological ethics. With the transition from anthropocentrism to non-anthropocentrism, the relationship between man and nature has also risen to a moral problem. The staged ecological issues have already turned into global issues. Only by exposing the profit seeking nature of capital logic, alienated personality and breaking the ecological boundary through Marxism, can we re-examine the capitalist production relationship behind the human survival crisis and capital logic. This paper re-explores the internal causes of capitalist greed and plunder of natural resources and the dialectical relationship between human society and natural ecology, clarifies that capital logic is the fundamental driving force to promote capitalist profit seeking nature, leads to the break of human conscious subjectivity, that is, alienation, and points to the external boundary to break the limit of ecological nature. Only when historical materialism sets up the concept of human sustainable survival, can the ecological crisis be solved thoroughly.

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刘建璋.生态危机的资本逻辑批判与人类生存的历史性构建[J].重庆邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2021,38(2):19-26

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  • 收稿日期:2020-05-29
  • 最后修改日期:2020-09-20
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-03-20

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