冯雪峰与“拉普”的“唯物辩证法创作方法”
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国家社会科学基金重点项目:马克思主义文学批评的中国形态(11AZD048);浙江省高校访问学者教师专业发展项目(FX2017045)


Feng Xuefen and the Russian Proletarian Writers Union’s“the Dialectic Method in Writing”
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    摘要:

    “拉普”是20世纪二三十年代苏联文学界最重要的文学现象,对左翼文艺运动影响深远。“左联”重要成员之一冯雪峰不仅翻译了“拉普”的“唯物辩证法创作方法”,而且将该理论作为其现实主义理论构建的重要资源。受该理论的影响,冯雪峰的现实主义理论排斥浪漫主义,独尊现实主义,重视作家世界观的作用,把现实主义文学作为革命的武器和工具。“拉普”的“唯物辩证法创作方法”为冯雪峰现实主义理论的构建提供了理论依据,适应了当时革命现实需要。但该创作方法本身的一些局限性,也不可避免地给冯雪峰的现实主义理论构建带来一定的负面影响。探讨冯雪峰对“唯物辩证法创作方法”接受和阐释的经验和教训,对于当下现实主义理论的发展有一定的借鉴意义。

    Abstract:

    “The Russian Proletarian Writers Union” was the most important literary phenomenon in Soviet literature in the 1920s and 1930s which had far-reaching influence on the Leftist Literature Criticism. Feng Xuefeng, one of the important members of the Leftist Association, not only translated “the dialectic method in writing” of “The Russian Proletarian Writers Union”, but also used the theory as an important theoretical resource for his realism theory. Influenced by this theory, Feng Xuefeng’s realism theory excluded romanticism, respected realism, attached importance to the role of the writer’s world outlook, and regarded realism literature as a revolutionary weapon and tool. “The dialectic method in writing” of “The Russian Proletarian Writers Union” provided a theoretical basis for Feng Xuefeng’s realism theory construction and adapted to the needs of the revolutionary reality at that time. However, the limitations of this method also inevitably brought some negative effects on the construction of Feng Xuefeng’s realism theory.Exploring Feng Xuefeng’s experience and lessons in accepting and interpreting “the dialectic method in writing” has certain reference value for the development of current realism theory.

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蔡朝辉.冯雪峰与“拉普”的“唯物辩证法创作方法”[J].重庆邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2020,32(6):151-156

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  • 收稿日期:2019-12-18
  • 最后修改日期:2020-04-10
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-12-02

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