论词义感情色彩变化中的意义感染现象
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江苏省教育厅人文社科项目:“概念隐喻跨文化变体实证研究及应用”(08SJD7400035)


Analysis on Meaning Infection in Lexical Affective Meaning Changes
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    摘要:

    词汇的感情色彩依附于词义,具有客观固定性和社会性,并且随着词义的变化,词汇的感情色彩也随之改变。从社会语言学的角度,首先提出“意义感染”的概念,继而重点分析词义感情色彩变化中的意义感染现象发生的两大主要途径。根据经济学上的“格雷欣法则”,最后对这类词汇的发展趋势做出了分析和预测。研究表明:意义感染后,词汇或是趋向于演变为禁忌语,继而慢慢退出历史舞台;或是作为委婉语,在言语交际中起到迂回作用。

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    With the nature of objectively fixity and sociality, lexical affective meaning is affiliated to and changes with lexical meaning. From the perspective of socialinguistics, this paper firstly puts forward the concept of meaning infection, and concentrates on the two major paths of meaning infection in lexical affective meaning changes. Then, according to Greshams Law in economics, an analysis and prediction of those lexicons which have experienced meaning infection has been made towards their development tendency. It has been concluded from the research that they either tend to be taboo words, and even disappear from daily use; or become euphemisms to play a mild role in language communication.

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刘笑纳.论词义感情色彩变化中的意义感染现象[J].重庆邮电大学学报(社会科学版),2009,21(5):118-122

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  • 收稿日期:2009-03-13
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