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王毅,贾睿,梁星,郑可,叶君,李松浓.电器对低压电力线载波通信信道特性的影响[J].重庆邮电大学学报(自然科学版),2020,32(3):411-418. 本文二维码信息
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电器对低压电力线载波通信信道特性的影响
Influence of electrical appliance on the channel characteristics of low voltage power line carrier communication
投稿时间:2018-11-14  修订日期:2020-05-18
DOI: 10.3979/j.issn.1673-825X.2020.03.010
中文关键词:  电力线载波通信  电器  负载阻抗  阻抗测量  信道特性
English Keywords:power line carrier communication  electrical appliance  load impedance  impedance measurement  channel characteristics
基金项目:中国博士后科学基金(2015T80961); 重庆市科委自然科学基金(cstc2016jcyjA0214)
作者单位E-mail
王毅 重庆邮电大学 通信与信息工程学院,重庆 400065
国网重庆市电力公司电力科学研究院,重庆 400014
国网重庆市电力公司博士后科研工作站,重庆 400014 
wangyi81@cqupt.edu.cn 
贾睿 重庆邮电大学 通信与信息工程学院,重庆 400065 291601161@qq.com 
梁星 国网重庆市电力公司电力科学研究院,重庆 400014  
郑可 国网重庆市电力公司电力科学研究院,重庆 400014  
叶君 国网重庆市电力公司电力科学研究院,重庆 400014  
李松浓 国网重庆市电力公司电力科学研究院,重庆 400014  
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中文摘要:
      为了深入分析和研究各类电器的负载阻抗特性及其对低压电力线载波通信信道特性的影响,提出一种基于矢量网络分析仪的时频2维电器阻抗测量方法,并通过该方法对各类电器在不同工作状态下的阻抗特性进行了测量,结合自下而上的电力线信道建模方法对接入不同类型电器负载的典型电力线信道场景的信道特性进行了理论分析。根据测量可得,相同的电器负载在不同空间位置分布对电力线信道特性造成的影响不同,不同的电器负载在同一位置对电力线信道特性造成的影响不同,且时变负载会导致接入该负载的电力线信道也呈现出时变特性。理论分析与测试结果表明,时频变的电器负载阻抗是影响低压电力线载波通信信道特性的关键因素之一。
English Summary:
      In order to study the impact of electrical appliance on the characteristics of low-voltage power line channel,this paper presents the two-dimensional time and frequency electrical appliance impedance measurement method based on a vector network analyzer. Through this method, the impedance characteristics of all kinds of electrical appliance are measured under different working conditions. Then, the channel characteristics of a typical power line channel scenario connecting to different types of electrical appliance loads are theoretically analyzed in combination with bottom-up power line channel modeling. According to the measurement, the same load of electrical appliance in different spatial locations affect the power line channels differently. The influence of different electrical appliance on the characteristics of power line channels is different when the load of electrical appliance is connected to the same load node. In addition, the time-varying load causes the power line channels accessing the load to present time-varying characteristics. Theoretical analysis and test results show that load impedance of electrical appliance with time-frequency changes is one of the key factors that affect the channel characteristics of low-voltage power line carrier communication.
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